聊聊如何让你的业务代码具有可扩展性

前言

在我们开发过程中,会经常碰到这么一些需求,比如在在主流程执行前,要做一些前置事件,在主流程执行之后,做一些收尾工作。对一些新手程序员,他可能会直接写类似如下的代码

  public void execute(){
        doBefore();
        doBiz();
        doAfter();
    }

对有一定工作经验的程序员,他可能会用AOP或者用一些设计模式比如模板模式。那我们今天来聊聊下使用spring + spi + aop + 责任链来实现上github打不开面的需求

代码实现过程分析

假设主流程只需设计模式面试题做一次前置处理和一次后置处理,则伪代码如下

  public void execute(){
        doBefore();
        doBiz();
        doAfter();
    }

此时我们可以测试你的自卑程度用模板模式或者AOP,这边我们采用AOP。其设计模式在临床信息系统中的应用研究伪代码如下

public class CorMethodInterceptor implements MethodInterceptor {
    @Override
    public Object invoke(MethodInvocation invocation) throws Throwable {
        try {
            doBefore();
            Object result = invocation.proceed();
            return result;
        } catch (Throwable throwable) {
           log.error("{}",e);
        } finally {
            doAfter();
        }
        return null
    }
}

如果对这测试手机是否被监控种写法不适应,可以采用@Aspect + @Aroundspringboot面试题方式,效果一个github中文官网网页样。

当主流程需要多次前置处理和多次后springcloud置处理时,我们的代码可github永久回家地址能就变成

public class CorMethodInterceptor implements MethodInterceptor {
    @Override
    public Object invoke(MethodInvocation invocation) throws Throwable {
        try {
            doBefore();
            doBefore();
            doBefore();
            ....
            Object result = invocation.proceed();
            return result;
        } catch (Throwable throwable) {
           log.error("{}",e);
        } finally {
            doAfter();
            doAfter();
            doAfter();
            ...
        }
        return null
    }
}

设计模式及其应用场景时这些前置处理或者后置处理看起来就像是一条链,于是我们就可以考虑采用一些设计模式比如责任链或者采用管道giti轮胎模式。本示例我们使用责任链模式

代码实现

1、创建处理器接口

public interface AbstarctHandler extends Ordered {
    /**
     * 预处理回调,实现服务的预处理
     * @return true表示流程继续,false表示流程中断,不会继续调用其他处理器或者服务
     */
    default boolean preHandler(Invocation invocation){
        return true;
    }
    /**
     * 整个请求处理完毕回调方法。类似try-catch-finally中的finally。多个afterCompletion按倒叙输出
     */
    default void afterCompletion(Invocation invocation){}
}

2、创建处理器链

public class MethodInterceptorChain {
    private final List<AbstarctHandler> abstarctHandlers = new ArrayList<>();
    public void addHandler(AbstarctHandler handler){
        abstarctHandlers.add(handler);
    }
    public List<AbstarctHandler> getHanlders(){
        if(CollectionUtils.isEmpty(abstarctHandlers)){
            return Collections.emptyList();
        }
        AnnotationAwareOrderComparator.sort(abstarctHandlers);
        return Collections.unmodifiableList(abstarctHandlers);
    }
}

3、业务逻辑和责任链整合

@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class CorHandlerInterceptor {
    private MethodInterceptorChain chain;
    public Object invoke(Invocation invocation) throws Exception {
        List<AbstarctHandler> abstarctHandlers = chain.getHanlders();
        if(CollectionUtils.isEmpty(abstarctHandlers)){
            invocation.invoke();
        }
        boolean isCanExec = true;
        for (AbstarctHandler abstarctHandler : abstarctHandlers) {
             if(!abstarctHandler.preHandler(invocation)){
                 isCanExec = false;
                 break;
             }
        }
           try{
               if(isCanExec){
                   return invocation.invoke();
               }
           }catch (Exception e){
               throw new Exception(e);
           }finally {
//               
               for (int i = 0; i < abstarctHandlers.size(); i++) {
                   int j = abstarctHandlers.size() - 1 - i;
                   abstarctHandlers.get(j).afterCompletion(invocation);
               }
           }
        return null;
    }
}

4、创建AOP切面

public class CorMethodInterceptor implements MethodInterceptor {
    private CorHandlerInterceptor corHandlerInterceptor;
    public CorMethodInterceptor(CorHandlerInterceptor corHandlerInterceptor) {
        this.corHandlerInterceptor = corHandlerInterceptor;
    }
    @Override
    public Object invoke(MethodInvocation invocation) throws Throwable {
        Invocation invoker = Invocation.builder()
                .args(invocation.getArguments())
                .method(invocation.getMethod())
                .target(invocation.getThis()).build();
        return corHandlerInterceptor.invoke(invoker);
    }
}

5、配github官网置切点

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnMissingBean
    public AspectJExpressionPointcutAdvisor aspectJExpressionPointcutAdvisor(PointcutProperites pointcutProperites, CorHandlerInterceptor corHandlerInterceptor){
        AspectJExpressionPointcutAdvisor aspectJExpressionPointcutAdvisor = new AspectJExpressionPointcutAdvisor();
        aspectJExpressionPointcutAdvisor.setExpression(pointcutProperites.getExpression());
        aspectJExpressionPointcutAdvisor.setAdvice(new CorMethodInterceptor(corHandlerInterceptor));
        return aspectJExpressionPointcutAdvisor;
    }

6、处理器注入spspringcloudring

  @Bean
    @ConditionalOnMissingBean
    public CorHandlerInterceptor corHandlerInterceptor(ObjectProvider<List<AbstarctHandler>> provider){
        MethodInterceptorChain methodInterceptorChain = new MethodInterceptorChain();
        loadedHandlerBySpring(provider, methodInterceptorChain);
        loadedHanlderBySpi(methodInterceptorChain);
        CorHandlerInterceptor corHandlerInterceptor = new CorHandlerInterceptor();
        corHandlerInterceptor.setChain(methodInterceptorChain);
        return corHandlerInterceptor;
    }
    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnMissingBean
    public DefaultHandler defaultHandler(){
        return new DefaultHandler();
    }
    private void loadedHanlderBySpi(MethodInterceptorChain methodInterceptorChain) {
        ServiceLoader<AbstarctHandler> serviceLoader = ServiceLoader.load(AbstarctHandler.class);
        Iterator<AbstarctHandler> iterator = serviceLoader.iterator();
        while(iterator.hasNext()){
            AbstarctHandler abstarctHandler = iterator.next();
            log.info("load hander by spi -> 【{}】",abstarctHandler.getClass().getName());
            methodInterceptorChain.addHandler(abstarctHandler);
        }
    }
    private void loadedHandlerBySpring(ObjectProvider<List<AbstarctHandler>> provider, MethodInterceptorChain methodInterceptorChain) {
        List<AbstarctHandler> getListBySpring = provider.getIfAvailable();
        if(!CollectionUtils.isEmpty(getListBySpring)){
            for (AbstarctHandler abstarctHandler : getListBySpring) {
                log.info("load hander by spring -> 【{}】",abstarctHandler.getClass().getName());
                methodInterceptorChain.addHandler(abstarctHandler);
            }
        }
    }

示例演示springboot面试题

1、编写业务服务

public interface HelloService {
    String sayHello(String username);
}
@Service
public class HelloServiceImpl implements HelloService {
    @Override
    public String sayHello(String username) {
        return "hello : " + username;
    }
}

2、springcloud编写处理器

一种通github直播平台永久回家过@Component

@Component
public class HelloServiceNameInterceptor implements AbstarctHandler {
    @Override
    public boolean preHandler(Invocation invocation) {
        Object[] args = invocation.getArgs();
        System.out.println("名称校验-->preHandler");
        for (Object arg : args) {
            if("张三".equals(arg)){
                return false;
            }
        }
        return true;
    }
    @Override
    public void afterCompletion(Invocation invocation) {
        System.out.println("名称校验-->afterCompletion:" + Arrays.toString(invocation.getArgs()));
    }
    @Override
    public int getOrder() {
        return 102;
    }
}

一种通过SPI

public class HelloServiceSpiInterceptor implements AbstarctHandler {
    @Override
    public boolean preHandler(Invocation invocation) {
        Object[] args = invocation.getArgs();
        System.out.println("参数转换-->preHandler");
        for (int i = 0; i < args.length; i++) {
            if("lisi".equals(args[i])){
                args[i] = "李四";
            }
        }
        return true;
    }
    @Override
    public void afterCompletion(Invocation invocation) {
        System.out.println("参数转换-->afterCompletion:" + Arrays.toString(invocation.getArgs()));
    }
    @Override
    public int getOrder() {
        return -1;
    }
}

配置SPI

聊聊如何让你的业务代码具有可扩展性
内容如下

com.github.lybgeek.cor.test.interceptor.HelloServiceSpiInterceptor

3、配置切点表达式

lybgeek:
  pointcut:
    expression: execution(* com.github.lybgeek.cor.test.service..*.*(..))

4、测试

观察控制台github官网

聊聊如何让你的业务代码具有可扩展性
发现处理器正常工作

总结

所谓的可扩展,指在新增功能时github官网登陆入口,不需要或者少修改原有的功能。用设计原则来讲就是对修改关闭,对扩展开放。本文的示例如果心细的朋友就会发现,这跟springmvc的拦截器实现是很像的

demo链接

github.com/lyb-geek/sp…

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